Tag Archives: PIP fraud

Nine Arrested in Miami PIP Fraud Schemes

There has been no shortage of auto insurance fraud in Miami of late as Chief Financial Officer Jeff Atwater announced the arrests of nine individuals who have been charged in connection with eight separate cases of personal injury protection (PIP) fraud schemes.

According to Atwater’s announcement, the Division of Insurance Fraud (DIF) uncovered seven staged vehicle accidents in which the scammers collectively filed more than $242,000 in fraudulent billings to 11 different insurance carriers. Staged accident participants were referred to at least 13 different South Florida medical clinics.

The nine were arrested for acting in one or more of these capacities:

  • The organizer or staged accident recruiter;
  • The patient broker who encouraged participants to seek post-accident medical treatment for bogus injuries;
  • The licensed medical provider who agreed to sign off on falsified medical documents in exchange for payment billed under PIP insurance benefits.

The investigation into these cases remains ongoing and additional arrests are expected, DIF said.

“While their injuries may have been fake, PIP fraud is real and it is not a victimless crime,” CFO Atwater commented. “When insurance carriers absorb such high-dollar losses to fraud, we all pay in the form of higher insurance premiums. I’m thankful to our dedicated investigative team for shutting down this fraud ring.”

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Filed under Insurance Fraud

Cuban Crime Rings behind Florida Staged Accident Fraud

Originally intended to provide refuge to those fleeing Cuba’s Castro regime, the Cuban Adjustment Act of 1966 has enabled a thriving Cuban criminal network to expand from South Florida throughout the country and take hold without legal recourse. A recent three-part series by the Sun Sentinel, which examines the prevalence of this illegal activity, reveals that the cost to American businesses and taxpayers exceeds $2 billion over the past 20 years.

The story found Cuban criminals often work in rings that specialize in non-violent economic crimes such as credit card fraud, cargo theft, Medicare fraud, and insurance fraud through staged auto accidents. Frequently, they make their money, move it to Cuba, and return to the U.S. when more money needs to be made.

One massive auto insurance fraud ring with more than 100 participants—most of whom were Cuban—exemplifies just how easy it is for these groups to pull off the crime and get away with it because of their special immigration status.

In this particular case, 21 clinics in Palm Beach and Miami-Dade counties were involved in $18 million worth of fraud. Recruits found participants to smash cars with sledgehammers and stage vehicle accidents. Participants were then sent to the identified clinics that billed injury claims to auto insurance companies for treatment of their fake maladies.

It was discovered that the accused ringleaders were Cuban immigrants who were returning to Cuba on a weekly basis. Millions of dollars stayed in Cuba, apparently used to purchase properties and support family there, as IRS agent Pamela Martin testified at a court hearing last year.

After the FBI started to bust the fraud ring and make arrests, five main organizers fled back to Cuba, evading capture.

According to Fred Burkhardt, who is a South Florida auto-insurance industry fraud investigator from the National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB), the small-scale outfits of a decade ago have evolved and become very sophisticated and organized.

“Someone is sitting back with a strategy, figuring out where the clinics will be, where the patients will come from,” he said. “There’s a structure involved. There are specific duties that people have.”

Staging auto accidents to defraud insurance companies basically started in Miami in the late 1990s, the Sun Sentinel reported. By 2007, the crime has progressed to other Florida cities like Fort Myers, Tampa, Orlando and Jacksonville, Burkhardt said.

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Filed under Insurance Fraud

Legislators Unlikely to Change Florida’s No-Fault Auto Insurance Law Right Now

Chief Financial Officer Jeff Atwater wants Florida’s legislators to continue to be patient before considering any rash actions that would change personal injury protection (PIP) coverage in the state. That’s because a recent report released by the state Office of Insurance Regulation (OIR) shows that increases in fraudulent PIP claims have basically been stopped.

The Florida Department of Financial Services is attributing these results to the passage HB 119, effective January 1, 2013, which created some exclusions for coverage under PIP insurance and limited for non-emergency conditions. The amended No-Fault Law excluded PIP reimbursements to massage therapists and acupuncturists, and also required individuals involved in car crashes to seek treatment within 14 days of a motor vehicle accident. PIP allows up to $10,000 in benefits for emergency medical conditions, but places a $2,500 cap on non-emergency conditions. It is mandatory for all Florida drivers to carry PIP.

According to a story in the Sun-Sentinel on January 7, the law set benchmarks for insurance carriers to lower rates. The OIR report showed that from 2011 through September 2014, the average medical cost paid through PIP claims dropped 14 percent statewide.  In South Florida, a hotspot of fraudulent PIP activity, the average payment decreased 28.7 percent, the article reported.

However, it is thought that these numbers are too preliminary and do not show the full impact of the law, yet.

House Insurance & Banking Chairman John Wood, R-Winter Haven, noted in the article that he would be “surprised if there was ‘major’ PIP legislation before the issue is settled in court.”

Senate Banking and Insurance Chairwoman Lizbeth Benacquisto, R-Fort Myers, said that she is still reviewing the OIR report, and likes to ensure that if changes are made, they have “a very positive effect on policyholders and our constituents.”

The annual legislative session begins in March.

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Filed under Fla. Stat. 627.736 (2012), Insurance Fraud

Separate PIP Fraud Cases Lead to Three Jacksonville Arrests

Three individuals from the Jacksonville area, who have allegedly been involved in personal injury protection (PIP) fraud schemes, have recently been arrested by the Division of Insurance Fraud (DIF) in separate cases.

The first individual apprehended was Walter Juarez Lopez, who owned and operated Therapy Diagnostic Tech Medical.  According to DIF, the 42-year old helped organize staged accidents in 2011, in which participants were sent to his clinic as well as Arlington Rehabilitation Services. His role in the scheme resulted in more than $32,000 in fraudulent claims, DIF said.

Also arrested in November was Jose Burgos who organized a fake crash for insurance money in 2012.  The 40-year old, who sent participants to One Touch Therapy Center, was tied to more than $31,000 in false claims, DIF reported.

Last but not least, Edwin Edgardo Martinez-Rodriguez, 46, was also nabbed for his role as a staged accident organizer.  In 2012, he organized a fake accident that resulted in more than $16,000 in false claims made by Gate Parkway Diagnostic Center and Wellness Rehab Services, LLC, according to DIF.

Fraudulent claims were submitted to several insurance companies including Direct General, Esurance, GEICO, Infinity, Progressive, State Farm and Travelers.

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Mario Rene Ruiz added to Florida Division of Insurance Fraud’s Most Wanted Fugitive List

A post on our December 1st FL-PIP Guide reported that five individuals were arrested for their roles in an alleged staged accident scam in 2012 that resulted in fraudulent Personal Injury Protection (PIP) claims costing three insurance carriers almost $40,000.  The five cases will be prosecuted by the Broward State Attorney’s Office.

A sixth individual wanted in connection with this crime—Mario Rene Ruiz—has yet to be apprehended and is now considered a “Most Wanted Fugitive” for insurance fraud, the Division of Insurance Fraud (DIF) announced.

According to DIF, Ruiz has lived in Fort Lauderdale but may have returned to Honduras, his native country. The 32-year old reportedly measures 5’6” in height, weighs 152 lbs., and has brown eyes and hair.

Anyone with information regarding Mario Ruiz’s whereabouts is asked to contact DIF at 1-800-378-0445 or the Broward County Sheriff’s Office.  Tipsters can remain anonymous and may be eligible for a reward as part of the Florida Department of Financial Services’ Anti-Fraud Reward Program.

To date, the department has awarded almost $349,000 to nearly 60 citizens as part of its Anti-Fraud Reward Program, which rewards individuals up to $25,000 for information that directly leads to an arrest and conviction in an insurance fraud scheme.

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Filed under Insurance Fraud

Staged Accident Recruiter from Palm Beach County Sentenced to Nine Years

A West Palm Beach man, who participated in an $8 million insurance fraud scam, was recently sentenced to nine years in prison for his role in the matter.

Joel Antonio Simon Ramirez, about whom we reported on our FL PIP Guide in April, helped recruit individuals to participate in staged automobile crashes. According to a story in the Palm Beach Post, the 30-year old worked together with three other chiropractors who filed fake insurance claims for the participants in these crashes. They operated the scheme out of clinics throughout Palm Beach County.

Following a six-week trial in April, all four defendants were found guilty of money laundering and mail fraud. Ramirez was also found guilty of helping stage the auto accidents.

By violating PIP insurance provisions, these schemes not only cost insurers but also hurt Florida drivers, federal prosecutors said. The conspiracy was part of a larger staged accident ring dubbed “Operation Sledgehammer” by investigators who discovered that many participants damaged vehicles using sledgehammers to give the appearance of a crash.

Nearly 60 people have been charged in federal court and almost 40 have been charged in state court as part of this sweeping investigation. Most have pleaded guilty to participating in staged accidents and then seeking treatment for bogus injuries. According to prosecutors, the five ringleaders fled to Cuba.

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Filed under Fla. Stat. 627.736 (2008), Insurance Fraud

Will Florida’s Reported Drop in PIP Fraud Continue?

Florida, one of 12 states with no-fault auto insurance, has reported its fair share of insurance fraud, mostly through scams involving Personal Injury Protection. PIP insurance provides personal injury protection up to $10,000 in immediate medical coverage without having to establish fault in the court system.

As industry insiders know, this monetary level is often seen as an easy target by fraudsters. Even though PIP premiums have represented only about 2 percent of all of Florida’s collected insurance premiums, they account for nearly half of all auto insurance fraud referrals, the Florida Office of Insurance Regulation (FOIR) has established.

But all of that may be changing, the National Insurance Crime Bureau believes, as auto insurance fraud has actually dropped in Florida since a 2012 law reformed PIP. As we posted on our FL PIP Guide this past March, tighter legislation, enhanced public awareness, and coordinated law enforcement efforts appear to be having a positive effect on PIP fraud in Florida.

These changes specifically include stronger penalties for medical providers who commit PIP fraud, a 14-day window for accident victims to seek medical treatment, and reduced benefits and treatments.

In line with projections made when HB119 was passed, FOIR expects PIP coverage rates to decrease by an average of 13.2 percent, reducing auto insurance rates 1.2 percent overall, according to figures based on a review of data from 20 insurers that provide auto insurance to more than 75 percent of the Florida market.

However, because PIP coverage savings will still be relatively small in comparison to the overall total cost of a typical auto insurance policy, and because fraud is at times difficult to detect, the next few years may be a better indication of whether these changes have produced a statistical blip in the numbers or a longer-term trend.

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Filed under Fla. Stat. 627.736 (2012), Insurance Fraud